(1) What is human rights?
Human rights are commonly understood as being those rights which are inherent to the human being. The concept of human rights acknowledges that every single human being is entitled to enjoy his or her human rights without distinction as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
The following are some of the most important characteristics of human rights:
- Human rights are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each person;
- Human rights are universal, meaning that they are applied equally and without discrimination to all people;
- Human rights are in alienable, in that no one can have his or her human rights taken away other than in specific situations–for example, the right to liberty can be restricted if a person is found guilty of a crime by a court of law;
- Human rights are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent, for the reason that it is insufficient to respects one human rights and not others. In practice, the violation of one right will often affect the respect of several other rights. All human rights should therefore be seen as having equal importance and of being equally essential to respect for the dignity and worth of every person.
(2) Have you heard of human rights before? Yes
(3) What kind of human rights do you know?
The kind of human rights known are as follows:
- The right to life, liberty and security of person
- Freedom of association, expression, assembly and movement
- The right to the highest attainable standard of health
- Freedom from arbitrary arrest or detention
- The right to a fair trial
- The right to just and favourable working conditions
- The right to adequate food, housing and social security
- The right to education
- The right to equal protection of the law
- Freedom from arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home or correspondence
- Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
- Freedom from slavery
- The right to a nationality
- Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
- The right to vote and take part in the conduct of public affairs
- The right to participate in cultural life
(4) Has your rights being violated before and how?
ANS: Yes, I have not being involved in decision making although every citizen of Ghana has the right to do and participate in anything morally without hindrances.
(5) What do you think can be done to increase awareness on human rights?
The following can be done to increase awareness on human rights:
- Interface with various Ministries, Departments and Agencies and Civil Society Organisations on the National Action Plan for promotion and protection of human rights in Ghana.
- Training workshops for the Police on Human Rights aimed at improving their level of compliance with human rights standards in the course of policing. Trainings should be aimed at Human Rights Desk Officers in police and prison services.
- Engagement with pilot tertiary institutions on the Establishment of Human Rights Club and Human Rights Training for lecturers and students.
- Engagement with the Ministry of Education on Integration of Human Rights into School Curriculum in pilot states to be thereafter replicated nationwide.
(6) What do you think people whose rights have been violated should do to seek justice?
ANS: Should report cases to the appropriate authorities such as Elders, Chiefs, Police, Commission for Human Right and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ) etc.
(7) As a Ghanaian what advice can you give to the fellow citizens concerning human rights abuse?
My advice is that, as human right acknowledges that every single human being is entitled to enjoy his or her human rights without distinction as to race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status; therefore if anyone’s right is been tempered he/she should report to the appropriate quarters for redress.